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University of Florida Research

Insecticides Approved for Use on Tomatoes

The Tomato Magazine
April 2005

There are a wide variety of insecticides approved for use on insects attaching tomatoes, as reported during last fall’s Florida Tomato Institute program held in Naples, Fla.
Susan E. Webb, with the Entomology and Nematology Department, University of Florida, IFAS, Gainsville, reported the following:

Acramite-50WS (bifenazate): Insects: two-spotted spider mite. REI: 12 hours; days to harvest: 3. One application per season.

Admire 2F (imidacloprid): Insects: aphids, Colorado potato beetle, flea beetles, leafhoppers, thrips (foliar feeding thrips only), whiteflies. REI: 4 hours; days to harvest: 21. Most effective if applied to soil at transplanting.

Agree WG (Bacillus thuringiensis, subspecies aizawai): Insects: lepidopteran larvae (caterpillar pests). REI: 4 hours; days to harvest: 0. Apply when larvae are small for best control. Can be used in greenhouse. OMRI-listed.

Agri-Mek 0.15EC (abamectin): Restricted use only. Insects: Colorado potato beetle, Liriomyza leaf miners, spider mite, tomato pinworms, tomato russet mite. REI: 12 hours; days to harvest: 7. Do not make more than two sequential applications. Do not apply more than 0.056 lb ai per acre per season.

Ambush 25W (permethrin): Restricted use only. Insects: beet armyworm, cabbage looper, Colorado potato beetle, granulate cutworms, hornworms, southern armyworm, tomato fruit worm, tomato pinworm, vegetable leaf miner. REI:12 hours; days to harvest: up to day of harvest. Do not use on cherry tomatoes. Do not apply more than 1.2 lb ai per acre per season. Not recommended for control of vegetable leaf miner in Florida.

Asana XL 0.66EC (esfenvalerate)
: Restricted use only. Insects: beet armyworm (aids in control), cabbage looper, Colorado potato beetle, cutworms, flea beetles, grasshoppers, hornworms, potato aphid, southern armyworm, tomato fruit worm, tomato pinworm, whiteflies, yellow-striped armyworm. REI: 12 hours; days to harvest: 1. Not recommended for control of vegetable leaf miner in Florida. Do not apply more than 0.5 lb air per acre per season.

Assail 70WP (acetamiprid)
: Insects: aphids, Colorado potato beetle, whiteflies. REI: 12 hours; days to harvest: 7. Do not apply to crop that has been already treated with imidacloprid or thiamethoxam at planting. Begin applications for whiteflies when first adults are noticed. Do not apply more than four times per season or apply more often than every seven days.

Avaunt (indoxacarb): Insects: beet armyworm, hornworms, loopers, southern armyworm, tomato fruit worm, tomato pinworm, suppression of leaf miners. REI: 12 hours; days to harvest: 3. Do not apply more than 14 ounces of product per acre per crop. Minimum spray interval is five days.

Aza-Direct (azadirachtin)
: Insects: aphids, beetles, caterpillars, leafhoppers, leaf miners, mites, stinkbugs, thrips, weevils, whiteflies. REI: 4 hours; days to harvest: 0. Antifeedant, repellant, insect growth regulator. OMRI-listed.

Baythroid 2 (cyfluthrin): Insects: beet armyworm (first and second instars only), cabbage looper, Colorado potato beetle, dipterous leaf miners, European corn borer, flea beetles, hornworms, potato aphids, southern armyworm (first and second instars only), stinkbugs, tomato fruit worm, tomato pinworm, variegated cutworm, western flower thrips, whitefly (suppression). REI: 12 hours; days to harvest: 0. Do not apply more than 0.26 lb ai per acre per season. Maximum number of applications: 6.

Biobit HP (Bacillus thuringiensis, subspecies kurstaki): Insects: caterpillars (will not control large armyworms). REI: 4; days to harvest: 0. Treat when larvae are young. Good coverage is essential. Can be used in the greenhouse. OMRI-listed.

BotaniGard 22 WP, ES (Beauveria bassiana): Insects: aphids, thrips, whiteflies. REI: 4 hours; days to harvest: 0. May be used in greenhouses. Contact dealer for recommendations if an adjuvant must be used. Not compatible in tank mix with fungicides.

Capture 2EC (bifenthrin)
: Restricted use only. Insects: aphids, armyworms, corn earworm, cutworms, flea beetles, grasshoppers, mites, stinkbug spp., tarnished plant bug, thrips, whiteflies. REI: 12 hours; days to harvest: 1. Make no more than four applications per season. Do not make applications less than 10 days apart.

CheckMate TPW, TPW-F (pheromone): Insects: tomato pinworm. REI: 0; days to harvest: 0. For mating disruption – See label. TPW formulation is OMRI-listed.

Condor (Bacillus thuringiensis, subspecies kurstaki): Insects: caterpillars. REI: 4 hours; days to harvest: 0. Do not use in combination with any chlorothalonil-based fungicides. Use caution when mixing with other oil-based products or surfactants. Treat when larvae are young. Good coverage is essential.

Confirm 2F (tebufenozide): Insects: armyworms, black cutworm, hornworms, loopers. REI: 4 hours; days to harvest: 7. Product is a slow-acting IGR that will not kill larvae immediately. Do not apply more than 1.0 lb ai per acre per season.

Courier 70WP (buprofezin): Insects: whitefly nymphs. REI: 12 hours; days to harvest: 7. See label for plant back restrictions. Apply when a threshold is reached of 5 nymphs per 10 leaflets from the middle of the plant. Product is a slow-acting IGR that will not kill nymphs immediately. No more than two applications per season. Allow at least 28 days between applications.

Crymax WDG (Bacillus thuringiensis, subspecies kurstaki): Insects: caterpillars. REI: 4 hours; days to harvest: 0. Use high rate for armyworms. Treat when larvae are young.

Danitol 2.4 EC (fenpropathrin): Restricted use only. Insects: beet armyworm, cabbage looper, fruit worms, potato aphid, silverleaf whitefly, stinkbugs, thrips, tomato pinworm, two-spotted spider mites, yellow-striped armyworm. REI: 24 hours; days to harvest: 3 (7 if mixed with Monitor 4). Use alone for control of fruit worms, stinkbugs, two-spotted spider mites and yellow-striped armyworms. Tank-mix with Monitor 4 for all others, especially whitefly. Do not apply more than 0.8 lb ai per acre per season. Do not tank mix with copper.

Deliver (Bacillus thuringiensis, subspecies kurstaki): Insects: caterpillars. REI: 4 hours; days to harvest: 0. Use higher rates for armyworms. OMRI-listed.

Dimethoate 4 EC, 2.67 EC (dimethoate): Insects: aphids, leafhoppers, leaf miners. REI: 48 hours; days to harvest: 7. Will not control organophosphate-resistant leaf miners.

Diazinon 4 E; 50 W (diazinon): Restricted use only. Insects: foliar application – aphids, beet armyworm, banded cucumber beetle, Drosophila, fall armyworm, dipterous leaf miners, southern armyworm; soil application at planting – cutworms, mole crickets, wireworms. REI: 24 hours; days to harvest: 1. Will not control organophosphate-resistant leaf miners. Do not apply more than five times per season.

DiPel DF (Bacillus thuringiensis, subspecies kurstaki): Insects: caterpillars. REI: 4 hours; days to harvest: 0. Treat when larvae are young. Good coverage is essential. OMRI-listed.
Entrust (spinosad): Insects: armyworms, Colorado potato beetle, flower thrips, hornworms, Liriomyza leaf miners, loopers, other caterpillars, tomato fruit worm, tomato pinworm. REI: 4 hours; days to harvest: 1. Do not apply more than 9 oz per acre per crop. OMRI-listed.

Extinguish [(S)-methoprene)]: Insects: fire ants. REI: 4 hours; days to harvest: 0. Slow-acting IGR (insect growth regulator). Best applied early spring and fall where crop will be grown. Colonies will be reduced after three weeks and eliminated after eight to 10 weeks. This is the only fire ant bait labeled for use on cropland. May be applied by ground equipment or aerially.

Fulfill (pymetrozine): Insects: green peach aphid, potato aphid, suppression of whiteflies. REI: 12 hours; days to harvest: 0. Do not make more than two applications. 24(c) label for growing transplants also.

Fury/Mustang Max (zeta-cypermethrin): Restricted use only. Insects: beet armyworm, cabbage looper, Colorado potato beetle, cutworms, fall armyworm, flea beetles, grasshoppers, green and brown stinkbugs, hornworms, leaf miners, leafhoppers, Lygus bugs, plant bugs, southern armyworm, tobacco budworm, tomato fruit worm, tomato pinworm, true armyworm, yellow-striped armyworm. Aides in control of aphids, thrips and whiteflies. REI: 12 hours; days to harvest: 1. Not recommended for vegetable leaf miner in Florida. Do not make applications less than seven days apart. Do not apply more than 0.3 lb ai per acre per season.

Intrepid (methoxyfenozide): Insects: beet armyworm, cabbage looper, fall armyworm, hornworms, southern armyworm, tomato fruit worm, true armyworm, yellow-striped armyworm. REI: 4 hours; days to harvest: 1. Do not apply more than 1.0 lb ai/acre per season. Product is a slow-acting IGR that will not kill larvae immediately.
Javelin WG (Bacillus thuringiensis, subspecies kurstaki): Insects: most caterpillars, but not Spodoptera species (armyworms). REI: 4 hours; days to harvest: 0. Treat when larvae are young. Thorough coverage is essential. OMRI-listed.

Kelthane MF 4 (dicofol): Insects: tomato russet mites, two-spotted and other spider mites. REI: 12 hours; days to harvest: 2. Do not apply more than twice a season or more than 1.6 pt per year.

Knack IGR (pyriproxyfen): Insects: immature whiteflies. REI: 12 hours; days to harvest: 14. Apply when a threshold is reached of 5 nymphs per 10 leaflets from the middle of the plant. Product is a slow-acting IGR that will not kill nymphs immediately. Make no more than two applications per season.

Kryocide; Prokil Cryolite 96 (cryolite): Insects: blister beetle, cabbage looper, Colorado potato beetle larvae, flea beetles, hornworms, tomato fruit worm, tomato pinworm. REI: 12 hours; time to harvest: 14 days. Minimum of seven days between applications. Do not apply more than 64 lbs per acre per season.

Lannate LV, SP (methomyl): Restricted use only. Insects: aphids, armyworms, beet armyworm, fall armyworm, hornworms, loopers, southern armyworm, tomato fruit worm, tomato pinworm, variegated cutworm. REI: 48 hours; days to harvest: 1. Do not make more than 16 applications per crop.

Lepinox WDG (Bacillus thuringiensis, subspecies kurstaki): Insects: most caterpillars, including beet armyworm (see label). REI: 12 hours; days to harvest: 0. Treat when larvae are small. Thorough coverage is essential.

Malathion 5 EC, 8 F (malathion): Insects: aphids, Drosophila, mites. REI: 12 hours; days to harvest: 1. Can be used in greenhouse.

Monitor 4EC (methamidophos): [24(c) labels). Restricted use only. Insects: thrips (north Florida only), whiteflies. REI: 48 hours; days to harvest: 7. Use as tank mix with a pyrethroid for whitefly control. Do not apply more than 10 pt per acre (18 pt per acre in north Florida) per season.

M-Pede 49% EC (soap, insecticidal): Insects: aphids, leafhoppers, mites, plant bugs, thrips, whiteflies. REI: 12 hours; days to harvest: 0. OMRI-listed.

Neemix 4.5 (azadirachtin): Insects: aphids, armyworms, hornworms, psyllids, Colorado potato beetle, cutworms, leaf miners, loopers, tomato fruit worm (corn earworm), tomato pinworm, whiteflies. REI: 12 hours; days to harvest: 0. IGR, feeding repellant. OMRI-listed.

NoMate MEC TPW (pheromone): Insects: tomato pinworm. REI: 0 hours; days to harvest: 0. For mating disruption—See label.

Phaser 3EC (endosulfan): Insects: aphids, blister beetle, cabbage looper, Colorado potato beetle, flea beetles, hornworms, stinkbugs, tomato fruit worm, tomato russet mite, whiteflies, yellow-striped armyworm. REI: 24 hours; days to harvest: 2. Do not exceed a maximum of 3.0 lb ai per acre per year or apply more than six times. Can be used in greenhouse.

Platinum (thiamethoxam): Insects: aphids, Colorado potato beetles, flea beetles, whiteflies. REI: 12 hours; days to harvest: 30. Soil application. See label for rotational restrictions.

Pounce 3.2 EC (permethrin): Restricted use only. Insects: beet armyworm, cabbage looper, Colorado potato beetle, dipterous leaf miners, granulate cutworm, hornworms, southern armyworm, tomato fruit worm, tomato pinworm. REI: 12 hours; days to harvest: 0. Do not apply to cherry or grape tomatoes (fruit less than 1 inch in diameter). Do not apply more than 1.2 lb ai per acre per season.

Proclaim (emamectin benzoate): Restricted use only. Insects: beet armyworm, cabbage looper, fall armyworm, hornworms, southern armyworm, tobacco budworm, tomato fruit worm, tomato pinworm, yellow-striped armyworm. REI: 48 hours; days to harvest: 7. No more than 28.8 oz per acre per season.

Provado 1.6F (imidacloprid): Insects: aphids, Colorado potato beetle, leafhoppers, whiteflies. REI: 12 hours; days to harvest: 0 – foliar. Do not apply to crop that has been already treated with imidacloprid or thiamethoxam at planting. Do not apply more than 18.75 oz per acre as foliar spray.

Pyrellin EC (pyrethrin + rotenone): Insects: aphids, Colorado potato beetle, cucumber beetles, flea beetles, flea hoppers, leafhoppers, leaf miners, loopers, mites, plant bugs, stinkbugs, thrips, vegetable weevil, whiteflies. REI: 12 hours; days to harvest: 12 hours.

Sevin 80S; XLR; 4F (carbaryl): Insects: Colorado potato beetle, cutworms, fall armyworm, flea beetles, lace bugs, leafhoppers, plant bugs, stinkbugs (suppression), thrips (suppression), tomato fruit worm, tomato hornworm, tomato pinworm, sow bugs. REI: 12 hours; days to harvest: 3. Do not apply more than seven times.

Sevin 5 Bait (carbaryl): Insects: ants, crickets, cutworms, grasshoppers, mole crickets, sow bugs. REI: 12 hours; days to harvest: 3.

SpinTor 2SC (spinosad): Insects: armyworms, Colorado potato beetle, flower thrips, hornworms, Liriomyza leaf miners, loopers, Thrips palmi, tomato fruit worm, tomato pinworm. REI: 4 hours; days to harvest: 1. Do not apply to seedlings grown for transplant within a greenhouse or shadehouse. Leaf miner and thrips control may be improved by adding an adjuvant. Do not apply more than three times in any 21-day period. Do not apply more than 29 oz per acre per crop.

Spod-X LC (beet armyworm nuclear polyhedrosis virus): Insects: beet armyworm. REI: 4 hours; days to harvest: 0. Treat when larvae are small (first and second instar). Follow label instructions for mixing. Use only non-chlorinated water at a pH near 7 for mixing. OMRI-listed.

Sulfur (many brands): Insects: tomato russet mite. REI: 24 hours; days to harvest: see label.

Telone C-35 (dichloropropene + chloropicrin): Restricted use only. Insects: garden centipedes (symphylans), wireworms. REI: 5 days (see label); days to harvest: preplant. See supplemental label for restrictions in certain Florida counties.

Trigard (cyromazine): Insects: Colorado potato beetle (suppression only), leaf miners. REI: 12 hours; days to harvest: 0. No more than six applications per crop.

Ultra Fine Oil, JMS Stylet-Oil (and others): Insects: aphids, beetle larvae, leafhoppers, leaf miners, mites, thrips, whiteflies. REI: 4 hours; days to harvest: 0. Do not exceed four applications per season. Organic Stylet-Oil is OMRI-listed.

Vydate L 2EC (oxamyl): Restricted use only. Insects: aphids, Colorado potato beetle, leaf miners (except Liriomyza trifolii), whiteflies (suppression only). REI: 48 hours; days to harvest: 3. Do not apply more than 32 pt per acre per season.

Trilogy (extract of neem oil): Insects: aphids, mites, suppression of thrips and whiteflies. REI: 4 hours; days to harvest: 0. Apply morning or evening to reduce potential for leaf burn. Toxic to bees exposed to direct treatment. OMRI-listed.

Warrior (lambda-cyhalothrin): Insects: aphids (suppression), beet armyworm (for control of first and second instars only), cabbage looper, Colorado potato beetle, cutworms, fall armyworm (for control of first and second instars only), flea beetles, grasshoppers, hornworms, leafhoppers, leaf miners (suppression only), plant bugs, southern armyworm (for control of first and second instars only), stinkbugs, thrips (does not control western flower thrips), tomato fruit worm, tomato pinworm, whiteflies (suppression only), yellow-striped armyworm (for control of first and second instars only). Do not apply more than 0.36 lb ai per acre per season.

Xentari DF (Bacillus thuringiensis, subspecies aizawai): Insects: caterpillars. REI: 4 hours; days to harvest: 0. Treat when larvae are young. Thorough coverage is essential. May be used in the greenhouse. Can be used in organic production. OMRI-listed.

Note: The pesticide information presented here was current with federal and Florida state regulations at the time of this presentation. Growers outside of Florida should check before following these recommendations. The user is responsible for determining the intended use is consistent with the label of the product being used. Use pesticides safely. Read and follow label instructions.

© 2005 Columbia Publishing

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